The term [coronary] comes from the Latin root [corona] meaning "crown", therefore [coronary] is used to denote a structure that surrounds another as a crown or a garland. In the heart, the coronary arteries and their branches form a crown that surrounds the heart at the level of the atrioventricular sulcus. There are two coronary arteries, the right coronary artery (RCA), and the left coronary artery (*). Both these coronary arteries are the only branches that arise from the ascending aorta.
The right coronary artery passes from the anterior to the posterior surface of the heart, ending in a terminal branch, the posterior descending artery, or PDA. The left coronary artery, sometimes called the "left main", gives origin to two branches: the circumflex artery (CFX) and the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Each one of these arteries gives origin to several named branches.
|There can be interesting anatomical variations in the coronary arteries of the heart. Heart and coronary artery anatomy is one of the topics developed and delivered by CAA, Inc.|