This is a medical root term that originates from the Greek "arthron" which means "joint". The term is used in many medical words. Applications of this root term include:

• Arthrotomy: Opening of a joint
Arthritis: Inflammation (or infection) of a joint
Arthrology: Study of a joint
Arthrodesis: Fixation of a joint
Arthropathy: A disease affecting a joint
Arthroplasty: Reshaping of a joint
Arthroscopy: Visualizing inside a joint with a scope

As a side note: What is the plural form for arthritis? Hover your cursor over the word "arthritis" to see the answer