Medical Terminology Daily (MTD) is a blog sponsored by Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc. as a service to the medical community, medical students, and the medical industry. We will post a workweek daily medical or surgical term, its meaning and usage, as well as biographical notes on anatomists, surgeons, and researchers through the ages. Be warned that some of the images used depict human anatomical specimens.

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A Moment in History

Antoine Louis

French surgeon, anatomist, and physiologist. Following his medical studies and a long career as a physiologist, Antoine Louis was named Permanent Secretary of the Royal French Academy of Surgery. His other titles were those of Professor of the Royal Academy, Consultant Surgeon of the Armies of the King, member of the Royal Society of Sciences of Montpellier, Inspector of the Royal Military Hospitals, and Doctor in Law of the University of Paris. As a member of these academies Louis was instrumental in the design and construction of the guillotine. Initially called the "Louisette", this device was later named after another French physician in the same committee, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

Antoine Louis' name is better know to history as the eponymic origin of the "sternal angle" also know as the "Angle of Louis" and synonymously (probably by misspelling or translation) the "angle of Lewis", and "angle of Ludwig". This anatomical landmark is extremely important as it serves as a superficial landmark for important anatomical occurrences (click here).

As a point of controversy, there are some that contest the history of this eponym adjudicating it to Pierre Charles Alexander Louis (1787-1872), another French physician dedicated to the study of tuberculosis.

1. Srickland, N; Strickland A Angle of Louis, More Than Meets the Eye. MedTalks:
2. Ramana, R. K., Sanagala, T. and Lichtenberg, R. (2006), A New Angle on the Angle of Louis. Congestive Heart Failure, 12: 197–199
. "The origin of Medical Terms" Skinner, HA; 1970

 "Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc., and the contributors of "Medical Terminology Daily" wish to thank all individuals who donate their bodies and tissues for the advancement of education and research”.

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Andreas Vesalius is finally in my office!!!

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Today I received the bust of Andreas Vesalius which will be displayed in my office in a place of honor.

This bust is a small version of a bronze bust made by the Belgian artist Pascale Pollier, who is a contributor to "Medical Terminology Daily". Copies of this original bronze bust can be found is different libraries and museums around the world. Pascale, along with Theo Dirix, Dr. Sylviane Déderix, and others are on a quest to find the cemetery where Andreas Vesalius was buried in the island of Zakynthos in Greece. Eventually, the final quest is to find the body of this illustrius anatomists.

To fund this private research Pascale and other artists have donated their work to a GoFundMe page whose objective is to raise €9,900, roughly US$10,800. You can reach the GoFundMe page here.

This bust that sits in my office today is the sixth in a run of twelve copies. If you go to the GoFundMe page you can opt to aquire other artistic works or one of the last copies of this bust. To acquire the bust there is a minumum required donation of US$350.

As of this publication, the research is 51% funded. We need your help to achieve our goal!!

Vesalius bust by Pascale Pollier, number 6 of 12
Click on the image for a larger view