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Medical Terminology Daily (MTD) is a blog sponsored by Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc. as a service to the medical community, medical students, and the medical industry. We post anatomical, medical or surgical terms, their meaning and usage, as well as biographical notes on anatomists, surgeons, and researchers through the ages. Be warned that some of the images used depict human anatomical specimens.

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A Moment in History

Antoine Louis
(1723–1792)

French surgeon, anatomist, and physiologist. Following his medical studies and a long career as a physiologist, Antoine Louis was named Permanent Secretary of the Royal French Academy of Surgery. His other titles were those of Professor of the Royal Academy, Consultant Surgeon of the Armies of the King, member of the Royal Society of Sciences of Montpellier, Inspector of the Royal Military Hospitals, and Doctor in Law of the University of Paris. As a member of these academies Louis was instrumental in the design and construction of the guillotine. Initially called the "Louisette", this device was later named after another French physician in the same committee, Dr. Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

Antoine Louis' name is better know to history as the eponymic origin of the "sternal angle" also know as the "Angle of Louis" and synonymously (probably by misspelling or translation) the "angle of Lewis", and "angle of Ludwig". This anatomical landmark is extremely important as it serves as a superficial landmark for important anatomical occurrences (click here).

As a point of controversy, there are some that contest the history of this eponym adjudicating it to Pierre Charles Alexander Louis (1787-1872), another French physician dedicated to the study of tuberculosis.

Sources:
1. Srickland, N; Strickland A Angle of Louis, More Than Meets the Eye. MedTalks:
2. Ramana, R. K., Sanagala, T. and Lichtenberg, R. (2006), A New Angle on the Angle of Louis. Congestive Heart Failure, 12: 197–199
3
. "The origin of Medical Terms" Skinner, HA; 1970


 "Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc., and the contributors of "Medical Terminology Daily" wish to thank all individuals who donate their bodies and tissues for the advancement of education and research”.

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MTD Articles Guidelines

"Medical Terminology Daily" Articles Guidelines

The objective of MTD is to provide the medical community, medical industry, and public in general with a daily, short write-up of reliable information regarding a medical term (or portion of a term), anatomical structure, organ, bodily system, basic surgical procedural information, and other medical/surgical information that we consider interesting to share. We also have a sidebar called “A Moment in History” where we honor those who have contributed to the growth of medical knowledge in the areas of anatomy, medicine, surgery, and medical research.

To the public in general:

The group of contributors to Medical Terminology Daily (MTD) has been formed by invitation only. We welcome your suggestion of words or terms of interest to you, but do not send write-ups because they will not be published. Our policies especifically state that we do not provide medical counseling, so questions and comments requesting so will be disregarded.

To our invited contributors

An invited contributor does not pay sponsorship for any of their articles or personal page. This page shows the basic article guidelines for this website. A detailed style manual will be available to the contributor once they receive access to our submission system.

Sponsorship of MTD articles

We allow the sponsorship of articles in MTD by medical companies and individuals by request. We reserve the right to approve or reject these requests. All posts will be reviewed for accuracy, must be professional in their wording and content, and follow the article guidelines. All links in each sponsored article will be reviewed to make sure that they comply with our policies and procedures, as well with our guidelines. To request a sponsored word, article, or "Moment in History" please contact our webmaster through the "Contact Us" form.

Article Guidelines

Title: As a title, each article can have a single word: sphenoid, sternum , ectopic, pancreas, flexion, etc.; part of a word: -oid, ectomy, -lapar-, -rect-, etc.; opposing terms:  kyphosis/lordosis, anterior/posterior, etc.; If a multiple word is required, they must refer to one item or procedure: triangle of "doom", atrial fibrillation, sternal angle, Billroth I procedure, etc.

Content: The content should be descriptive, simple, and short. In general, we should try to limit the length of the body of the article to 400 words maximum.

Originality: Because of copyright issues, the article should be original. When based on information obtained in another website, the link has to be included in the submission. Information based on books is acceptable, as long as the article is not a direct copy of the book article. We cannot accept text taken directly from websites of medical companies, or any other websites, unless explicit written permission has been obtained from said company or webmaster.

Links: All links submitted will be published as long as the links conform to the Policies and Procedures of this website. If links to documents and websites are readily available to the public, the link is acceptable. As an example, look at this article on Dr. Eric Muhe. The documents mentioned at the end of the article are freely available to the general public, so the link is acceptable. We recommend when necessary to use links to articles in this website. This improves readability and better standing in search engines.

Links to books, articles, and images that are available to the public under an open copyright and free-to-use are acceptable. We will review these links to make sure we do not infringe on copyright issues.

Images: Images submitted must be original or not be covered by copyright. All images will be resized to a maximum width of 250 pixels for the article (see example here). We will watermark all original images submitted by contributors with the words “Medical Terminology Daily”  or "Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc." unless they belong to someone else or are image links. If available, we can use imagery that belongs to Clinical Anatomy Associates, Inc, or are available in books that are beyond copyright issues (over 75 years old and not republished). In the case of alternative large images that open when you click the smaller image, we use images that are 800 px wide. (See example here)

Cadaver images must be professional, respectful, and not show any identifying characteristics as to the individual who donated his/her body to science, nor as to the organization, university, or college where they were taken. Also, these images must follow the local regulations for the place where the images were taken.  Keep in mind the diverse audience of this blog, including age brackets!.